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Sonipat town is located at 77001 Longitude and 28057 Latitude and it is at a distance of 52 Kilometers by road and 44 kilometers by rail from Delhi. National Highway No.1 is five kilometer away in the east from the main town. The nearest airport to the town is Indira Gandhi International Airport, Delhi. The town has also well connectivity with the interior of the Haryana State as well as the neighboring State of Uttar Pradesh. The area of town is 181.3 Sq. kms and is the largest town of the district. The Municipal Committee Sonepat was establishment in the year 1933 and the population of the town was 15050. The area of Municipal Committee at that time was very small. As per census record of 1991 the population of the town has grown very fast from 1,43,922 in the year 1991 to 2,89,333 in the year 2011, which shows an increase of approximately 100% in 20 years i.e. the average annual increase for the past 20 years is 5%. National Capital Regional Plan 2021 has identified Sonepat- Kundli Complex as one of the Metro Centers of National Capital Region (NCR) and Sonepat town has also been selected as satellite town by Govt. of India. Sonipat is also spelled as Sonepat and is an ancient town. It is believed that it was founded as Suvarnaprastha by the five Pandava brothers during the times of Mahabharata. Another legend ascribed it to Raja Soni, the thirteenth descendent of Arjuna, one of the Pandava brothers. Sonipat district is a part of the Eastern Haryana Plain. The name of the district is derived after its headquarters town, Sonipat. It is often believed that Sonepat (now spelt as Sonipat) was one of the five Preasthas or towns demanded by Yudhisthira from Duryodhana as the price of peace. Another tradition ascribes its foundation to Raja Soni, thirteenth in descent from Arjuna, a brother of Yudhishthira. Both the traditions are without substance. There is no mention of Sonipat in the Mahabharata, although it has been noted much earlier by the great grammerian Panini in his celebrated Ashtadhyayi. The town was therefore already in existence around 600 B.C. Municipal Council Sonipat has been declared as Municipal Corporation by Govt. vide notification No. 18/82/2015-3CI dated 06-07-2015.

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