Karnal is a city and the headquarters of Karnal District in the Indian state of Haryana. It was also known as Karnaal, Kurnaul or Karnaul during the British Raj. Karnal is governed by a Municipal Corporation that comes under the Karnal National Capital Region. Karnal was once the site of a cantonment of the British East Indian Company army established in the year 1805 A.D. but later abandoned due to a malaria outbreak. The cantonment was subsequently shifted to Ambala and later came to be known as the famous Ambala Cantonment established in 1843 A.D. Historically, Karnal is said to have been founded during ancient times by the Kauravas in the Mahabharata era for the king Karna, a mythological hero and a key figure in the epic tale. Karnal is also the headquarters of Karnal Range (including Karnal, Yamunanagar, Kurukshetra and Kaithal districts) under an Inspector General of Police.