Municipal Council Gohana

Contact No.with STD Code: 01263-252013 email :- secymc.gohana(a)hry(dot)nic(dot)in

Brief note on the History of the town/city

It is the headquarters of the Sub Division of the same name . It is situated in 29′ 08′ north latitude and 76′ 42′ east longitude,near the northern extremity of a great nature depression extending about 50 miles southwards. It has a population of 48532 according to the 2001 Census. The ancient texts mention Gavambhavana, as a place of pilgrimage which may probably refer to present day Gohana, but this matter can not be pursued with nay certainty. There are two popular versions for the origin of the name of town. First Gohana is composed of two words gao and hani, the former meaning “Cow” and the later “Loss”. The second version is that Gohana is composed of two words, gao and dahana, the later meaning a small water course inlocal dialect. The cows of Taga Brahmans occupying Daryapur used to sit at the pal (mound) where present Gohana is situated and hence the name. The latter version appears to be more convincing. A story is current about the original settlement. It is said that it was the site of a fort of PrithvirajaChahamana (Chauhan), ruler of Delhi and was called Daryapur, after one of his chiefs,This fort was destroyed by Shihab-ud-din Muhammad Gauri who defeated Prithviraja.Later it was occupied by Taga Brahmans. A tank known as Rohta or RohtasJhil with its naturespring attracted the attention of the neighbouring chiefs. Two Rajputs, Tej Singh and Fateh Singh with the help of two traders of Butana, Dhamar Mal and Pheru Mal exterminated the Brahmans and occupied the place. Later, this palce drew the attention of the Muslim rulers of Delhi, who captured these two Rajputs, one of them accepted Islam. The other refused to do so and was ordered to be executed. One of the two traders Dhamar Mal managed to survive by putting his family priest in his place. The other, Pheru Mal at first accepted Islam but later renounced the world and died as a recluse. Known popularly as Baba Pheru after his forced conversion to Islam, he lived as an ascetic in order to check further propagation of the religion. It is said that the tomb of Baba Pheru existed till recently on the village Shamlat(Common). This story is mentioned in the district record of 1861 which speaks of the town owing its existence to a Rajput named Tej Singh and a Bania named Pheru Both of these were forcibly converted to Islam in A.D. 1238 and 1239 respectively, and allowed to settle at Gohana, which , at that time was an enclosed common used for keeping cattle and known by the name of GowDhana, later converted into Gohana When Ali Mardan Khan constructed the Western Jumna (Yamuna) Canal is was discovered that in consequence of an error, the water of the canal could not flow beyond Gohana. The resulting floods swept away the embankments. The floods inundated the country and destroyed Lalpoora, a town of considerable fame, the ruins of which may still be seen. Gohana has four gates, Rohtak gate, Delhi Gate, Panipat Gate, and Hissar Gate. The town has three Jain temples and World fame Shree Ram SharnamAshram .